, Amphibious Forces, Pacific Fleet Subordinate Command". Retrieved May 19, 2009. 379 John Paul II Main article: Pope John Paul II In 1978, Pope John Paul II, formerly Archbishop of Kraków in the Polish People's Republic, became the first non-Italian pope in 455 years. Holy See, papacy, Roman Curia, and College of Cardinals Main articles: Holy See, Pope, Roman Curia, and College of Cardinals Further information: List of popes The hierarchy of the Catholic Church is headed by the Bishop. Examples in reference works that make the distinction include " nato " /neto/, " scuba " /skub/, and " radar " /redr/ for acronyms; and " FBI " /fbia/, " CRT " /sirti/, and " html " /ettiml/ for initialisms.