population. In 1936, Hitler signed an Anti-Comintern Pact with Japan and a non-aggression agreement with Mussolini, who was soon referring to a "Rome-Berlin Axis". Military education became the central component of physical education, and education in physics was oriented toward subjects with military applications, such as ballistics and aerodynamics. The second-tallest building in Boston is the. One in four of the Soviet population were killed or wounded. The productions were not always overtly propagandistic, but generally had a political subtext and followed party lines regarding themes and content. The two largest film companies, Universum Film AG and Tobis, were purchased by the Propaganda Ministry, which by 1939 was producing most German films. The founding of new parties was also made illegal, and all remaining political parties which had not already been dissolved were banned. The Jewish community was fined one billion marks to pay for the damage caused by Kristallnacht and told that any insurance settlements would be confiscated. Using lists prepared in advance, some 65,000 Polish intelligentsia, noblemen, clergy, and teachers were killed by the end of 1939 in an attempt to destroy Poland's identity as a nation. In a referendum held in November, 95 percent of voters supported Germany's withdrawal. New York: Simon Schuster. Beginning in April 1933, scores of measures defining the status of Jews and their rights were instituted. "State Street Financial Center". The Reichskulturkammer (Reich Chamber of Culture) was organised under the control of the Propaganda Ministry in September 1933. When in 1935 the Confessing Church synod protested the Nazi policy on religion, 700 of their pastors were arrested.